UNRS 367: Writing Case Study Tips

 
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Student: _________________________

Date: ___________

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School of Nursing: Pathophysiology

Nursing Process Data Form


Student: ___________________________________ Date of Care: __________________
A. Identifying Data
Patient Initials: ________Age: ____ Gender: _______Allergies: ___________________
Primary Language: ______________Ethnicity: ____________ Religion:______________
Marital Status: _________________ Occupation: _________________________________
Insurance: ________________________________________________________________
Family Composition: ________________________________________________________
Home/Living Situation: ______________________________________________________
Date/s of Care: _________Date of Admission: __________Date/s of Surgery:___________
Physician(s)/Specialty: _______________________________________________________
Admitting Diagnosis/es: ______________________________________________________
Surgical Procedure(s) this hospitalization: __________________________________________________________________________
B. Biological
1. Past Medical/Surgical History/Chronic Conditions:
(Provide date of onset and/or diagnosis for each condition)
2. Recent Medical History/Reason for Admission/Course of Hospitalization:
(Discuss all related details that led to the pts. admission to the hospital up until the moment you assumed pt. care on your shift. This tells the story of current stay)
3. Home Medications: Provide name, dose, frequency and WHY the pt. needs the
medication based on their medical history & chronic conditions:

Generic/Trade Name Dose Frequency Purpose

Add to table as needed. All home meds must be included.
4. Definition of Medical Diagnosis with patient’s signs & symptoms at time of admission:
5. Physical Assessment:
Ht _____ Wt______ BSA________ BMI __________

VITAL SIGNS/HEMODYNAMICS:

Time Temp F/C Pulse (apical/radial)
BPM
Resp/min BP in mmHg
R or L
Pulse Ox %
        /  
        /  
        /  
        /  


PAIN ASSESSMENT:

Time Pain Tool Used Pain Rating Pain Description (OLDCART) Functional Pain Goal PainMedication (or other care)

Response To

Intervention


LABORATORY DATA:

TEST
NORMAL

VALUE

RESULTS
RESULTS
RATIONALE FOR ABNORMALS
CHEMISTRY Date / Time Date / Time State the reason why this pts. lab values are abnormal
Na
K
Cl
Mg
HCO3-
Glucose
BUN
Creatinine
T. Protein
Albumin
Uric Acid
Calcium
Phosphorus
Bilirubin
Alk Phos
ALT (SGPT)
AST (SGOT)
LDH
Cholesterol
LDL
HDL
Troponin
CPK isos
MM, MB, BB
CBC Normal Date/Time Date/Time Rational for Abnormals:
Hgb
Hct
WBC
RBC
Diff
Plates
PT/INR
PTT
Other Normal Date/Time Date/Time Rational for Abnormals:
C & S
Cultures


ARTERIAL BLOOD GASES:

ABGs
RESULTS

Date / Time:

RESULTS

Date / Time:

pH
pO2
O2 Saturation
pCO2
HCO3
Overall Interpretación:


DIAGNOSTIC TEST & PROCEDURES:

(Include 12 Lead EKG, CXR, Cardiac Cath, CT, MRI, Ultrasound, Endoscopy, Echocardiogram, etc)

Test: Pt. Results:
(Date/Time)
Normals:
(referenced)
Rationale For Test Being Performed On This Patient: Rationale for Abnormal Test Results:

INTAKE AND OUTPUT Past 24º Balance ___+/-____________


Does the patient have a positive or negative fluid balance as of this date? How much?______ML

Intake

12º

Output

12º
PO / Enteral Source:
IV
Blood Products

Medications


IV Solutions/Parenteral Nutrition/Blood Products :

Name of Infusant:
Rate:
Site:

(describe the appearance)

IV Solution:
Lipids/TPN:
Blood Products:

Routine/PRN Medications


List all the patient’s medications ordered. Why would THIS patient have this medication specifically? Consider diagnosis, medical history, lab values, procedures when discussing the rational for each medication.

Medication: Dose: Route: Frequency:
Classification:
Action:
Safe dose range for age/wt:
Rational for use in THIS patient:
Desired Effect:
Side Effects:
Toxic Efect:
Nursing Implications:
Pt/Fam teaching needs:

Medication: Dose: Route: Frequency:
Classification:
Action:
Safe dose range for age/wt:
Rational for use in THIS patient:
Desired Effect:
Side Effects:
Toxic Efect:
Nursing Implications:
Pt/Fam teaching needs:

Medication: Dose: Route: Frequency:
Classification:
Action:
Safe dose range for age/wt:
Rational for use in THIS patient:
Desired Effect:
Side Effects:
Toxic Efect:
Nursing Implications:
Pt/Fam teaching needs:

Medication: Dose: Route: Frequency:
Classification:
Action:
Safe dose range for age/wt:
Rational for use in THIS patient:
Desired Effect:
Side Effects:
Toxic Efect:
Nursing Implications:
Pt/Fam teaching needs:

Medication: Dose: Route: Frequency:
Classification:
Action:
Safe dose range for age/wt:
Rational for use in THIS patient:
Desired Effect:
Side Effects:
Toxic Effect:
Nursing Implications:
Pt/Fam teaching needs:

Medication: Dose: Route: Frequency:
Classification:
Action:
Safe dose range for age/wt:
Rational for use in THIS patient:
Desired Effect:
Side Effects:
Toxic Efect:
Nursing Implications:
Pt/Fam teaching needs:


**Continue to copy the above chart as often as needed to include ALL Routine & PRN

meds**

Head-to-Toe Assessment

INTEGUMENTARY:


Skin: Color __________ Turgor __________ Temp __________ Moisture ___________

Lesions ________________________________________________________________

Incisions__________________________________ Dressings _____________________

Varicose Veins ______________________ Scars _____________________ Nails _____

Pressure Ulcer: Location __________________ Stage _____________ Characteristics _______________________________________________________________________

Unusual Pigmentations/Tattoos/Piercings___________________________________

Drainage/ Suction ________________________________________________________

Dressings (describe each by site, size, appearance,characteristics, drainage, etc.) ____________________________________________________________________

Note: *Labs & Medications for the integumentary system must be address here

MUSCULOSKELETAL:


Activity Level __________ROM __________Gait/Mobility __________ Posture __________

MuscleTone/Strength __________________________________________________________

Any Contractures______________________________________________________________

LUE____________ RUE_______________ LLE_________________ RLE_________________

Assistive Devices ________________________Prosthesis/es___________________________

Other Devices_________________________________________________________________

Frequent position of pt. on your shift_______________________________________________

Note: *Labs & Medications for the musculoskeletal system must be address

NEUROLOGICAL:


Level of consciousness, alertness, orientation, cognition memory (short/long term) _________________________________________________________________________

Sleep/rest patterns _________________________________________________________

Speech __________________________________________________________________

Sensory (taste, smell, touch)_________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________

Motor (fine/gross) __________________________________________________________

Vision ____________________________________________________________________

Hearing ___________________________________________________________________

Reflexes ____________________________________________________________________

Cranial Nerves (All must be included, how tested & results) ________________________________________________________________________

Note: *Labs & Medications for the neurological system must be address

CARDIOVASCULAR:

Heart Sounds ________ Rate ____________ Rhythm ____________ Apical ________

Pulses: R/L Radial ___________ Brachial ________Femoral ______DP_____ PT ____

Capillary Refill ________________________ Skin color/temp _____________________ Edema/Location___________________________________________________________

Shunts/Location (bruit, thrill)_________________________________________________

Note: *Labs, Vitals & Medications for the cardiovascular system must be address

PULMONARY:

Respirations:

Rate/Min ______ Rhythm_______ Depth______ Effort/Ease_______ Pulse Ox __________

Breath Sounds (all lobes & bilateral comparison) R/L – Crackles (fine, coarse) Wheezes (inspiration, expiration), Diminished, Absent _________________________________________

Sputum/Secretions ______________________________________________________________

Oxygen Therapy/Rate:_______________________ Via_________________________________

RT Treatments (type, frequency)______________________ _____________________________

Chest Tubes _________________ Suction __________________ Drainage ________

Note : *Labs, Vitals & Medications for the pulmonary system must be address

GASTROINTESTINAL:


Diet__________________ Appetite ________________ Intake% ___________N/V ____

Kcal per day needed _________________________ receiving ___________________

Enteral nutrition: NG Tube _________________ G Tube ________________ J Tube _________

Mouth /oral mucosa______________________________Teeth/Dentures___________________

Abdomen: (soft, distended, ascites, stomas): _________________________________________

Bowel sounds: Location____________________ Activity________________________________

Bowel Patterns ______________ Last BM ___________ Stool Characteristics _______________

Note: *Labs & Medications for the gastrointestinal system must be address

GENITOURINARY:


Urine: Output (hourly, 8º, 12º, 24º) ___________ Characteristics __________________

Patterns of voiding _____________________________________ Catheter (type) ______

Genitalia: Female______________________________ Male_______________________

Sexual History (if applicable) _______________________________________________

Childbearing History (if applicable):__________________________________________

Note: *Labs & Medications for the genitourinary system must be address

6. Clinical Manifestation of Current Condition(s):

Expected Manifestations. According to Literature for Each Medical Diagnosis and Surgical Procedure. Must be referenced and cited per APA Assessment findings on Day of Care r/t each diagnosis. Include vitals, labs and physical assessment data
(Date)___________
Dx #1:
Dx #2:
Dx #3:
Dx #1:
Dx #2:
Dx #3:


7. Patient Care Needs on your shift: (Discus your focus/concerns /care for the day)


8. Pathophysiology (Discuss pathophysiology of patient’s current and relevant past medical/surgical problems. Integrate with clinical data such as vital signs, labs, diagnostic test, procedures, medication use, and family history) Most patients have multiple diagnosis, ONE must be discussed:

Integrate textbook details with specifics of your patient. Make this very specific to the patient you have cared for. Cite references per APA (This generally requires 2 pages MINIMUM, double space)

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

9. Potential Complications (based on pathophysiology & referenced):

Medical Diagnosis: Potential Complication:
Dx #1
Dx #2
Dx #3


10. Nursing / Medical Therapies and Treatments:

(Utilize Potter and Perry& Lewis textbooks. Cite all rational & nursing implications)

Treatment Rationale for Treatment / Patient Application Nursing Implications Frequency


This should be a comprehensive list of all the care provided to your patient during your shift. It may be care offered by other disciplines or by nursing. Examples include: ADL’s, ambulation, ROM, feeding, I&O, Vitals, Med pass, documentation. PT, ST, RT, OT, MD visit, repositioning, dressing changes, pt/family education, emotional or spiritual care, visit from chaplain, etc. etc. ALL care provided to a patient requires some level of nursing assessment and monitoring and has a nursing implication. This chart is designed for you to explain how busy you were providing outstanding care to your patient.

1. Individual/Family Developmental Stage and Family Dynamics:

C. Psychosocial Subsystem

(Discuss stages per Ericson and Maslow with rational based on your assessment of pt)

2. Cultural Influences/Health Beliefs and Values:

(Provide general information regarding pts identified culture first)

3. Individual/Family Challenges VS. Individual/ Family Strengths

Individual/Family Challenges Individual/Family Strengths
1. 1.
2. 2.
3. 3.


4. Individual/Family Coping with the Current Stressors:

D. Spiritual Subsystem

1. Spiritual Assessment: {Ref. Taylor (2002); Potter & Perry (2013), Articles for a variety of spiritual assessment tools that can be used. Student must identify the specific model/tool/assessment used, the questions asked and the patient’s response including patient’s own words in quotations}

Spiritual Strengths Spiritual Resources Spiritual Needs
1. 1. 1.
2. 2. 2.
3. 3. 3.


5. Link between spiritual assessment findings and overall health of patient:

Note: This is a great place to integrate the required research article, then link to specific patient issues

2

UNRS 367 / J. David

Community Referral, Follow-up Appointments, Medications, Treatments, Equipment, Support Groups, Home Health Needs and Long Term Care Concerns.

Educational Needs Evaluation of Teaching Medications/Treatments/Equipment Referrals / Follow-up / Disposition


Provide a list of names and contact information in the patient’s neighborhood, for necessary support groups or other types of resources that might be required by patient upon discharge:

G. References and Reference list per APA guidelines

1. At least one general clinical or specialty article

a) Use articles from peer reviewed professional journals.

b) Must include copy of the article.

2. At least three Evidenced Based Research Article


a) Three research article required for full credit.

b) Include a copy of all the articles used to obtain credit.

c) Write a brief statement on how a research article was applied to nursing care for this specific patient.

3. Formatting & Appearance of completed work

a. APA format

b. Pagination

c. Title & Running header

d. Margins

e. Quotations

f. References

g. Spelling

h. Grammar

UNRS 367: Writing Case Study Tips
1. Pick a patient for your Case Study
2. Make sure that you know your patient’s diagnosis
3. Review the patient’s chart, MD, RN, and other multidisciplinary team’s notes, medications, lab values, etc.
4. Use the Data Form as your guide when you are gathering all the information about your patient.
5. Gather as much information as you can about your patient.
6. Interviewing the patient as well as family members caring for the patient.
7. Go to the library and search for 3 current (within the last 5 years) evidenced based research on the diagnosis/pathophysiology/plan of care of your patient.
8. Using the evidenced based research you have chosen, use this to understand and support the pathophysiology and treatment plan or plan of care for your patient.
9. In writing you paper, use the following subheading (see Data Form & APA Format)
a. Identifying Data
b. Biological System
c. Psychological Subsystem
d. Spiritual Subsystem
e. Nursing Diagnosis Collaborative Problem/Care Plan Evaluation
f. Discharge Needs
10. Have a complete Reference List – indicate all the resources you used including books. (APA format)
11. Proof read your paper
12. Check Appearance and APA format (must have title page and reference page)
Case Study Rubric
_____ 1. Identifying Data (5 pts.)
_____ 2. Biological System (5 pts.)
· Laboratory Data (5 pts.)
· Diagnostic Test & Procedures (5 pts.)
· Medications (5 pts.)
· Vital Signs (5 pts.)
_____ 3. Pathophysiology (10 points)
_____ 3. Psychological Subsystem (5 pts.)
_____ 4. Spiritual Subsystem (5 pts.)
_____ 5. Nursing Diagnosis Collaborative Problem/
Care Plan Evaluation (10 pts.)
_____ 6. Discharge Needs (5 pts.)
_____ 7. 3 Evidenced Based Research (6 pts.)
_____ 8. Reference List (5 pts.)
_____ 9. APA Format (5 pts.)
_____ 10. Organization and Appearance (5 pts.)
_____ 11. Data Form (10 pts.)
_____ 12. Body max 8-10 pages, not including title and reference page (5 pts.)

 
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