Run Your Own MNC

Term Paper: You will be responsible for a research Term Paper (Run Your Own MNC), as detailed below:

  • Term Project: Run Your Own MNC: Create an idea for your own MNC to conduct international business. Your idea should be simplified to the degree that you could possibly implement it someday. However, your idea should also be sufficiently creative to be successful if done properly. Your idea should focus on one country and one foreign currency, since many MNCs are focused in this manner when they are first created. So that you can recognize the issues regarding exchange rate risk that are discussed throughout this text, you should assume that you will receive foreign currency when selling your product. Your idea should be for a small MNC instead of a large MNC because even most large MNCs began as small firms.
  • Every week, you will be asked a set of questions related to the chapter covered in that particular week. You need to research, analyze, and respond to each question.
  • Responses to these questions should be part of your Term Paper. Your paper must cover all the questions that were raised and you should supplement content with the material that you think will provide more insight and in-depth analysis.
  • All such responses along with supplemental research should be assembled in one portfolio called, “Run Your Own MNC”. This portfolio will be approximately 15-18 double-spaced pages (with complete references).
  • Students are expected to submit this portfolio electronically by Saturday (11:59 PM) of Week 13. Late submission will be penalized @10% for each day’s delay.
  • Your paper will be run through Turnitin to make sure that it does not have more than 20% content matching other sources. Otherwise, it will be reported to college for violation of our Academic Integrity Policy.
    In each chapter of this text, you have the opportunity to apply the key concepts to your own idea about running an MNC. Many existing MNCs are small firms that focus on exporting a single product to a single country. The exported products could be sold to a single distributor based in a foreign country or could even be sold through the mail based on demand from mail-order ads. Your idea may be an extension of an idea you had for a business within the United States. It should focus on one particular foreign country and one particular foreign currency (the local non-dollar currency of that country), since many of the questions within this project will allow you to learn more about that country and currency.
    Chapter 1 Running Your Own MNC
    Developing Your Idea Create an idea for your own MNC to conduct international business. Your idea should be sim-plified to the degree that you could possibly implement it someday. However, your idea should also be sufficiently creative to be success-ful if done properly. Your idea should focus on one country and one foreign currency, since many MNCs are focused in this manner when they are first created. So that you can recognize the issues regarding exchange rate risk that are discussed throughout this text, you should assume that you will receive foreign
    currency when selling your product. Your idea should be for a small MNC instead of a large MNC because even most large MNCs began as small firms. The following questions will help you define your MNC idea:
  1. What is the product that you plan to sell?
  2. What foreign country do you plan to target?
  3. How will you sell the product in that country? (i.e., Through a distributor? By mail?)
  4. Is there some evidence that consumers in that country would buy this type of product?
  5. Do you need to purchase supplies or to hire labor?
  6. Will any expenses you incur from producing the product be in dollars or some other currency?
    Chapter 2 Running Your Own MNC
    Assessing Country Factors That Will Affect the Demand for Your Product
  7. Identify the factors that can affect the balance of trade between the United States and the country that you targeted for your business. Explain how each of these factors may affect the demand for your product.
  8. Which of these factors is likely to be most important in affecting the demand for your product?
    Accessing Trade Data
    Determine whether the product you plan to sell is already one of the main exports to that country.
    Accessing Import Controls
    Review the import controls set by that country’s government. Determine whether your business would be affected by trade regulations.
    Chapter 3 Running Your Own MNC
    Using the Foreign Exchange Market
  9. Explain how you will use the spot market for your business.
  10. What bank do you plan to use to exchange the foreign currency received for dollars? What is the bid/ask spread on a recent quotation by that bank? (Call the bank to obtain quotations.)
  11. Will you possibly need the forward market? Explain.
    Accessing Bid/Ask Rates
    Go to http://sonnet-financial.com/rates/full.asp. Determine the prevailing bid and ask exchange rates for the currency that you will use for your business transactions.
    Accessing Recent Exchange Rates
    Go to http://www.oanda.com. Click on FXTrends. Explain how the main foreign currency for your business has changed over the last month, the last three months, and the last year.
    Chapter 4 Running Your Own MNC
    Monitoring Movements in the Foreign Currency’s Value
    What key factors likely affect the value of the foreign currency of concern over time?
    Chapter 5 Running Your Own MNC
    Using Currency Futures and Options
  12. How can you use currency futures to hedge the exchange rate risk of your MNC?
  13. How can you use currency options to hedge the exchange rate risk of your MNC?
    Accessing Futures Quotes
    Go to http://www.cme.com. Determine the prevailing futures price of the main foreign currency for your business. Go to http://www.oanda.com and determine the prevailing spot rate. What is the discount or premium of the futures price?
    Chapter 6 Running Your Own MNC
    Monitoring Central Bank Intervention
  14. How can your business be affected if the Fed attempts to strengthen the dollar in the for-eign exchange market?
  15. If the Fed decides to weaken the dollar, how will your business be affected?
  16. How can indirect central bank intervention affect your business even if there is no impact on exchange rates?
    Accessing Central Bank Information
    Go to http://patriot.net/~bernkopf/. Go to the Web site link for the central bank in your target country. Determine whether this central bank intervenes to control its currency in the foreign exchange market.
    Chapter 7 Running Your Own MNC
    Assessing Spot and Forward Rates
  17. Obtain a quotation for the spot rate of the foreign currency (that you will receive from your business) from the bank where you intend to conduct your foreign exchange transactions. Then, obtain a quotation for the spot rate of the foreign currency from another bank. Does it appear that the spot rates are aligned across locations at a given point in time?
  18. Obtain a quotation for the one-year forward rate of the foreign currency from the bank where you intend to conduct your foreign exchange transactions. Then, use a
    business periodical to determine the prevailing one-year interest rates in the United States and the foreign country of concern. Does it appear that interest rate parity exists?
  19. Review the data on forward rates from The Wall Street Journal or another source to determine whether the foreign currency of concern typically exhibits a discount or a premium. Then review data on interest rates to compare the foreign country of concern and the U.S. interest rates. Does it appear that the forward rate of the foreign currency exhibits a premium (discount) when its interest rate is lower (higher) than the U.S. interest rate, as suggested by interest rate parity?
    Chapter 8 Running Your Own MNC
    Determining Whether IFE Holds
    Use The Wall Street Journal or another data source to record the interest rate differential between the interest rate of the foreign country in which you plan to do business and the U.S. rate over the last five or so quarters. Then, review the exchange rate percentage change in the foreign currency of concern over each of those corresponding quarters to determine whether the international Fisher effect (IFE) appears to hold over those quarters for that currency.
    Chapter 9 Running Your Own MNC
    Monitoring Exchange Rate Trends
    Use a business periodical or the Internet to determine how the value of the foreign currency of concern has changed in each of the last five weeks. Does it appear that there is a trend over the last five weeks? What is the mean percent-age change over these weeks? If you believed that the currency’s value would continue following the recent trend, would it appreciate or depreciate in the near future?
    Chapter 10 Running Your Own MNC
    Recognizing Exposure to Exchange Rate Risk
    Recall that when you created your business idea, it was assumed that your receivables would be denominated in the foreign currency of concern upon the sale of your products.
  20. Describe your exposure to exchange rate risk. That is, describe the exchange rate conditions affecting the performance of your business.
  21. Is your business subject to transaction exposure? economic exposure? translation exposure? Explain why your business is or is not subject to each of these types of exposure.
    Chapter 11 Running Your Own MNC
    Hedging with Forward Contracts
  22. Given your exposure to exchange rate risk, explain how you could use forward contracts to hedge.
  23. Explain how you could use currency options to hedge your exposure.
  24. Review the currency options quotations for the foreign currency of concern in The Wall Street Journal, or from an Internet source, and determine the premium that would be paid to be able to sell the currency at today’s spot rate. (If the currency option data are not available for the currency of concern, skip this question.)
    Using Futures Quotes
    Go to http://www.cme.com. Determine the prevailing futures price of the main foreign currency for your business. Go to http://www.oanda.com and determine the prevailing spot rate. Would you hedge any transactions for your business based on the futures price relative to the spot rate.
    Chapter 12 Running Your Own MNC
    Denominating Receivables in U.S. Dollars
    Recall that it was assumed that your receivables would be denominated in the foreign currency of concern. For this question only, assume that you could switch your pricing policy so that the receivables would be denominated in dollars instead of the foreign currency. How would this switch affect the transaction exposure and the economic exposure of your business? Explain the conditions that could still cause the performance of your business to be affected by exchange rate movements.
    Chapter 13 Running Your Own MNC
    Establishing a Subsidiary in Foreign Country
  25. Assuming that your international business is successful, identify reasons why it may be feasible to establish a small subsidiary in the foreign country rather than continue exporting.
  26. Identify the disadvantages associated with establishing a small subsidiary in the foreign country of concern.
    Chapter 14 Running Your Own MNC
    Deriving a Required Rate of Return for an International Project
    Consider a possible project that would result in expansion of your international business. Describe how you would derive a required rate of return for this project.
    Chapter 15 Running Your Own MNC
    Estimating Cash Flows of an International Project
  27. If you seriously considered whether to implement your international business idea, you would have to measure the costs and benefits of this idea. Describe how you would estimate the dollar revenue to be received from your business.
  28. Describe how you would estimate the expenses associated with your business.
  29. Describe how you would estimate the net cash flows (in dollars) of your business.
  30. Explain why your estimate of the net cash flows (in dollars) could be overestimated.
    Chapter 16 Running Your Own MNC
    Assessing Exposure to Country Risk
  31. Describe the financial factors that expose your business to country risk.
  32. Describe the political factors that expose your business to country risk.
    TERM PAPER QUESTIONS FOR EACH WEEK THAT WERE POSTED UNDER THE WEEKLY ANNOUNCEMNTS
    WEEK 2: Running Your Own MNC
    Term Project: Create an idea for your own MNC to conduct international business. Your idea should be simplified to the degree that you could possibly implement it someday. However, your idea should also be sufficiently creative to be successful if done properly. Your idea should focus on one country and one foreign currency, since many MNCs are focused in this manner when they are first created. So that you can recognize the issues regarding exchange rate risk that are discussed throughout this text, you should assume that you will receive foreign currency when selling your product. Your idea should be for a small MNC instead of a large MNC because even most large MNCs began as small firms
    WEEK 3: Chapter 3 Running Your Own MNC
    Using the Foreign Exchange Market
  33. Explain how you will use the spot market for your business.
  34. What bank do you plan to use to exchange the foreign currency received for dollars? What is the bid/ask spread on a recent quotation by that bank? (Call the bank to obtain quotations.)
  35. Will you possibly need the forward market? Explain.
    Accessing Bid/Ask Rates
    Go to http://sonnet-financial.com/rates/full.asp. Determine the prevailing bid and ask exchange rates for the currency that you will use for your business transactions
    .WEEK 4: Chapter 4 Running Your Own MNC
    Monitoring Movements in the Foreign Currency’s Value
    What key factors likely affect the value of the foreign currency of concern over time?
    WEEK 5: Chapter 5 Running Your Own MNC
    Using Currency Futures and Options
  36. How can you use currency futures to hedge the exchange rate risk of your MNC?
  37. How can you use currency options to hedge the exchange rate risk of your MNC?
    Accessing Futures Quotes
    Go to http://www.cme.com. Determine the prevailing futures price of the main foreign currency for your business. Go to http://www.oanda.com and determine the prevailing spot rate. What is the discount or premium of the futures price?
    WEEK 6 Chapter 6 Running Your Own MNC
    Monitoring Central Bank Intervention
  38. How can your business be affected if the Fed attempts to strengthen the dollar in the for-eign exchange market?
  39. If the Fed decides to weaken the dollar, how will your business be affected?
  40. How can indirect central bank intervention affect your business even if there is no impact on exchange rates?
    Accessing Central Bank Information
    Go to http://patriot.net/~bernkopf/. Go to the Web site link for the central bank in your target country. Determine whether this central bank intervenes to control its currency in the foreign exchange market.
    WEEK 7: CHAPTER 7 Assessing Spot and Forward Rates
  41. Obtain a quotation for the spot rate of the foreign currency (that you will receive from your business) from the bank where you intend to conduct your foreign exchange transactions. Then, obtain a quotation for the spot rate of the foreign currency from another bank. Does it appear that the spot rates are aligned across locations at a given point in time?
  42. Obtain a quotation for the one-year forward rate of the foreign currency from the bank where you intend to conduct your foreign exchange transactions. Then, use a business periodical to determine the prevailing one-year interest rates in the United States and the foreign country of concern. Does it appear that interest rate parity exists?
  43. Review the data on forward rates from The Wall Street Journal or another source to determine whether the foreign currency of concern typically exhibits a discount or a premium. Then review data on interest rates to compare the foreign country of concern and the U.S. interest rates. Does it appear that the forward rate of the foreign currency exhibits a premium (discount) when its interest rate is lower (higher) than the U.S. interest rate, as suggested by interest rate parity?
    WEEK 9: Chapter 8 Running Your Own MNC
    Determining Whether IFE Holds
    Use The Wall Street Journal or another data source to record the interest rate differential between the interest rate of the foreign country in which you plan to do business and the U.S. rate over the last five or so quarters. Then, review the exchange rate percentage change in the foreign currency of concern over each of those corresponding quarters to determine whether the international Fisher effect (IFE) appears to hold over those quarters for that currency.
    WEEEK 10: Chapter 9 Running Your Own MNC
    Monitoring Exchange Rate Trends
    Use a business periodical or the Internet to determine how the value of the foreign currency of concern has changed in each of the last five weeks. Does it appear that there is a trend over the last five weeks? What is the mean percent-age change over these weeks? If you believed that the currency’s value would continue following the recent trend, would it appreciate or depreciate in the near future?
    WEEK 11: Chapter 10 Running Your Own MNC
    Recognizing Exposure to Exchange Rate Risk
    Recall that when you created your business idea, it was assumed that your receivables would be denominated in the foreign currency of concern upon the sale of your products.
  44. Describe your exposure to exchange rate risk. That is, describe the exchange rate conditions affecting the performance of your business.
  45. Is your business subject to transaction exposure? economic exposure? translation exposure? Explain why your business is or is not subject to each of these types of exposure.
    WEEK 12: Chapter 10 Running Your Own MNC
    Denominating Receivables in U.S. Dollars
    Recall that it was assumed that your receivables would be denominated in the foreign currency of concern. For this question only, assume that you could switch your pricing policy so that the receivables would be denominated in dollars instead of the foreign currency. How would this switch affect the transaction exposure and the economic exposure of your business? Explain the conditions that could still cause the performance of your business to be affected by exchange rate movements