Research paper continuation
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Craft a research question on the topic you selected in your first discussion question post. Then locate at least five articles from peer-reviewed journals that pertain to your question that will be used to write the introduction section of your research proposal.
Submit these five citations in the form of an APA-style reference page. Under each citation, write one paragraph summarizing the main points of the article. As you read your articles, keep the following questions at hand; these will help you generate the information about each article.
- What were the topic/research questions being investigated?
- How was the study conducted (participants, materials, procedure, etc.)?
- What did the results reveal?
- How might these methodological considerations affect the research findings and the conclusions drawn from them?
- How does this article fit in with your paper? How did it influence your own ideas about your paper?
Based on your reading of the literature, what do you expect to find?
Include a hypothesis and a title page for your submission.
Submit your paper to the M1: Assignment 3 Dropbox by Wednesday, March 11, 2015. All written assignments and responses should follow APA rules for attributing sources.
EYEWITNESS TESTIMONY AND MISINFORMATION EFFECT
Premature experiments of the results of preeminent questions disclosed a number of ways an eyewitness testimony can possibly be altered and how the misinformation effect can modify their statements. This Loftus experiment is where people are shown a series of films about a car accident and given different information to attempt their success in changing their testimony. The “misinformation effect” documented by Loftus is one of the best-known and most influential findings in psychology (Loftus, Miller, & Burns, 1978).
What was the speed the vehicles were going when they wrecked into each other? The individuals that viewed the films of the accidents were asked a series of questions, which provoked excessive guesses at the speed the car was going, untrue claims of witnessing broken glass, or if the other car was hit or bumped rather than being crushed (Loftus & Palmer, 1974). Later studies indicated that misleading questions caused numerous amounts of alterations in the reports of the eyewitnesses. For instance, Loftus (1977) had people watch the film of the accident including a green vehicle then later revealed misleading questions that the car was blue hypothetically. These people were subsequently asked to choose the color of the car they witnessed; they shifted the color reaction in the modification of the misinformation effect by choosing a blue-green color, an inclination that wasn’t recognized in research competitors. As a result, numerous deluded competitors stated a color that was a mixture of the before and after accident evidence (Belli, 1988). Competitors could have been persuaded to disclose all of the information wasn’t submitted in the initial event. Competitors were asked, “How fast was the white sports car going when it passed the barn while travelling along the country road?” In all reality, there was never a barn. Research competitors, that weren’t given the wrong information, claimed they seen a barn (Loftus, 1975).
Eyewitness testimonies reveal they aren’t invariably true. Eyewitness testimonies also reveal that things people visualize and perceive regarding an event can simply influence the precision of their impression of an occurrence. Whilst there is argument in how the misinformation effect takes place, it does take place. The misinformation effect may be utilized to clarify several retrieved memories. The misinformation effect elevates important disputes regarding the dependability of the eyewitness testimony.
This article fit in great with my paper! It influenced my ideas immensely and I believe it allowed me to go the distance with my paper.
Belli, R. F. (1988). Color blend retrievals: Compromise memories or deliberate compromise responses? Memory & Cognition, 16, 314–326
Loftus, E. F. & Palmer, J. E. (1974). Reconstruction of automobile destruction: An example of the interaction between language and memory. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 13, 585–589.
Loftus, E. F. (1975). Leading Questions and the Eyewitness Report. Cognitive Psychology, 7, 560–572.
Loftus, E. F. (1977). Shirting Human Color Memory. Memory & Cognition, 5, 696–699.
Loftus, E. F., Miller, D. G., & Burns, H. J. (1978). Semantic integration of verbal information into a visual memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory, 4, 19–31.
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