Paper For Article (300-350 Words)

Article files and Possible concepts (List of suggestion) file are below. 

Course Description: 

It incorporates various perspectives of the social sciences: anthropology, sociology, psychology, political science, and economics. It applies these perspectives to shed light on how racism has developed and impacted U.S. society. It emphasizes how the negative forces of nativism and racism in U.S. society have been sustained and institutionalized.

Student Learning Outcomes: 

1. By the end if the quarter, students should be able to understand and be able to apply the basic concepts associated with race, racism and ethnicity in U.S. society.

2. By the end if the quarter, students should be able to understand and analyze the role of racism in the U.S. through pertinent literature.

3. By the end if the quarter, students should be able to question and examine their values and assumptions with respect to race and ethnicity.

4. By the end if the quarter, students should be able to compare and integrate insights of the various social science disciplines to the topic of racism in the United States.

5. By the end if the quarter, students should be able to have a social science understanding of diverse groups in the U.S.; including, but not limited to Native Americans, African Americans, Latino Americans, Asian Americans and Ethno-Europeans. When appropriate the impact of culture and religion will be included.

Paper requirements:

After reading the article, students will consider 2 concepts from this course that can be applied to the article. These concepts will be defined according to the definitions in this class. No dictionary, encyclopedia or other source definitions are acceptable.

This paper is not a formal essay or term paper. This paper is not a summary, an opinion or a simple response. The objective of this paper is to allow students to show they have an understanding of course concepts and can apply them to current social conditions. 

It will include the following conditions:

1. Paper must include 3 quotes from the article.

2. Papers will NOT have: 

— introduction

— opinion

— citations

— references

Format of the paper:

– Paragraph 1: Identify and define the first of the two concepts you will be applying.

— note: The definitions MUST come from either our textbook or class notes. Papers using dictionary, Wikipedia, etc definitions will not be read.

– Paragraph 2: Identify and define the second of the two concepts you will be applying.

— note: The definitions MUST come from either our textbook or class notes. Papers using dictionary, Wikipedia, etc definitions will not be read.

-Paragraphs 3 and 4: Show how each of these concepts can be applied to the article you’ve read.

Do NOT show references as Professor has already very familiar with the course concepts and articles. Do not follow APA, MLA or another academic format.

Technical expectations:

-300 – 350 words

-double spaced

-in a 12 point non serif font (Arial, Tahoma, Calibri, Candara, Verdana are some examples)

Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) & Male Circumcision: Rite Of Passage Or Human Rights Violation?

Female genital mutilation (FGM) includes procedures that intentionally alter or cause injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. According to the World Health Organization, over 200 million girls and women have undergone genital mutilation, and half a million women in the U.S. have been victimized by it (World Health Organization, 2018). Despite the fact it is practiced, even compared to male circumcision, social observers, medical communities, and human rights activists assert it is an attempt by patriarchal societies to control the bodies and sexual behaviors of women. Some other interesting statistics:

  • Procedures can cause severe bleeding, problems urinating, cysts later in life, infections, complications in childbirth, increased risk of newborn deaths, psychological, and emotional stress. 
  • FGM is mostly carried out on young girls between infancy and age 15.
  • FGM is a violation of the human rights of girls and women. (World Health Organization, 2018).

For more information (and to help get you started):   

Research Article: Female Genital Mutilation (Female Circumcision) (Egypt, 2018) https://libproxy.library.unt.edu:9110/S1083318818302638/1-s2.0-S1083318818302638-main.pdf?_tid=d1f5a793-fed6-4659-a08d-b6d858fe4146&acdnat=1534877985_1535575439b18acce9f57bda33c8df41  (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

World Health Organization: this web link (and website) is a good source of information for you. I have linked you to the FGM home page, where you can conduct research on your own to answer the research questions.

http://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/topics/fgm/en/ (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

United Nations: also an excellent source of information. http://www.un.org/en/index.html (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. 

https://news.un.org/en/story/2016/07/534492-majority-oppose-female-genital-mutilation-countries-where-practice-persists-un (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. 

**TED Talks: It is highly recommended students watch these TED Talks regarding FGM. These are real-life stories told from empowering women.

 Kakenya Ntaiya, Educator and Activist.

Khadija Gbla, Cross-Cultural Consultant.

Male Circumcision

 Male circumcision is surgical removal of the prepuce. It has a long history as a religious rite. Jews traditionally carry out male circumcision shortly after a baby is born. Circumcision is performed as a sign of the covenant between God and the people of Abraham. Muslims also circumcise for religious reasons, although they tend do so some years later. But the great majority of Americans are neither Jews nor Muslims, so circumcision has no religious meaning for them. For that reason, most American parents who decide to circumcise their sons do so for health reasons. And in recent years, opponents of circumcision have argued that it is a form of genital mutilation that is carried out without the consent of the person receiving it, who, in the United States, is usually a newborn baby. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued statements that circumcision was unnecessary in 1999 and then again in 2005. For that reason, many health insurance companies stopped covering the cost of circumcision and many parents doubted its effectiveness. The AAP reversed its position in 2012 and reported that circumcision may protect heterosexual men, and their sex partners, against HIV (the virus that causes AIDS) and stated that the health benefits of circumcision were likely to outweigh any risks. Below is some research to help get you started…

Centers for Disease Control (CDC): https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hestat/circumcision_2013/Circumcision_2013.htm (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.. Click on other links within this page to enhance your own research.

Click-Bait Article: https://www.cbsnews.com/news/circumcision-rates-declining-health-risks-rising-study-says/ (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

World Health Organization: http://www.who.int/hiv/mediacentre/news/gdg-male-circumcision/en/ (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

Research Article: Newborn Male Circumcision Canada (2015).  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4578472/?report=classic (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

**YouTube: It is highly recommended students watch this National Geographic mini documentary regarding male circumcision rite of passage ceremony.

 RESEARCH QUESTION: based on the given information and your own research, what are your feelings about circumcision?  What effects does female genital mutilation have on women? If you were to have a son, would you have him circumcised? Do you think it is better to wait until a boy is an adolescent to give him the choice about whether or not to be circumcised? Write a 4 page pro/con paper either in favor for or against FGM and circumcision. From your research provide 3 examples (1 each) from the theoretical perspectives (biological, psychological, and sociological, etc.…) discussed throughout the semester to support your position. Your paper needs to be written in Microsoft Word, Times New Roman, 12-page font, double-spaced.  References can be in either APA or MLA format and are additional to the required 4 full pages. 

Women’s Equality

  • TOPIC – Women’s equality 

In your paper, you will apply ethical theories and perspectives to the issue that you select. You do not have to use all six, but you should apply at least two ethical theories and at least one ethical perspective in your paper. Make sure that you write primarily on ethical topics and concepts, aiming to be both balanced and intellectually driven in your work. You may share your personal views, but do not rely on opinions (yours or those offered by others) to make your case. Think about the evidence that helps to make your case and use it.

Address the following questions:

  • What are the ethical issues?
  • Where are there breaches of ethical behavior?
  • How could each ethical theory you cite help people think about what constitutes virtuous or ethical behavior?

The paper must be 1500-1800 words in length (excluding title and references pages) and formatted according to APA style. Excluding the textbook, you must use at least five scholarly sources from the Ashford University Library to support your claims. You can also use the Sociology Research Guide located in the Ashford University Library. Cite your sources within the text of your paper and on the reference page. For information regarding APA, including samples and tutorials, visit the Ashford Writing Center (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site..

Declining Majority of Online Adults Say the Internet Has Been Good for Society

Assignment 1 Reviewing Research and Making Connections

Marcia Harrison

Introduction to Sociology

Lauren Goldstein

January 28, 2019

Ask (Write a paragraph of at least 5 to 7 sentences answering the following questions.)

· What was the topic of the research?

· Who was studied in the research?

· What was the research question that was answered by the information in the article?

1. The topic of the research is “Declining Majority of Online Adults Say the Internet Has Been Good for Society’. Some of the research questions include: Which gender is more likely to believe that the government is likely to track their phone and emails communication? What is the difference in perception across political spectrum in relation to phones and emails communication monitoring by the government? What is the age-based perception on phones and emails communication monitoring by the government across America? How does a different education level affect the perception of American Citizens in relation to their phones and emails communications monitoring by the government?

Research

· What research methods were used?

· Summarize the process researchers used to collect data.

Learn (Write a paragraph of at least 5 to 7 sentences answering the following questions.)

· What were the key findings of the research?

· What conclusion was drawn from the research?

Do (Write a paragraph of at least 5 to 7 sentences answering the following questions.)

· What are two additional follow-up questions that you have based on this research?

· Why did you choose these follow-up questions?