1. The Helical Model presents an economic view of relationships, wherein relational partners weigh rewards and costs of a relationship.
1. Stage models of relationships are universally applicable, and do a good job of addressing cultural differences.
1. Coaches and work supervisors typically have which kind(s) of power over their athletes/employees?
|a.||reward and coercive power|
|d.||both a and b above|
|e.||all of the above|
1. In Social Exchange theory, the idea that in close relationships, a relational partner may allow costs to outweigh benefits is a concept known as:
|comparison level of alternatives|
|none of the above|
1. When you disclose some information about your family to a new friend in hopes that your new friend will share about her family too, the main reason for your self-disclosure is:
1. In the relationship theory of Dialectics, the main goal is to eliminate the tensions in the relationship.
1. There is one main type of conflict style that is useful in a specific type of conflict situation, regardless of the people and factors involved.
1. All of the following are key dimensions of interpersonal relationships, except:
|understanding and predictability|
|intersecting identity cycles|
1. Dialectics is one approach to understanding interpersonal relationships in which the main focus is on:
|balancing multiple relationships|
|balancing opposing tensions|
1. Brianna and Latoya both have their ears pierced because Amira, the most popular girl in their class, had hers pierced. This is an example of what kind of power?
1. Which approach to relationships focuses on cycles of dis/integration and re/synthesis that relationships go through?
|Social Exchange Model|
1. Paola wants to enjoy spending their money now and to not worry about the future; Valentine wants to skimp a little today to ensure that they can enjoy life in the future. These conflicting views are an example of _______.
1. Marcus, who used to think nothing of driving across town to pick up Anne-Helene for a date, is now having second thoughts about the time it takes to get to her house. His reconsideration of whether he should continue doing so is based on:
|Schutz’s balance theory|
|Heider’s balance theory|
|Maslow’s needs theory|
|Thibault and Kelley’s exchange theory |
1. Henry’s wife is aware that he snores in his sleep and exhibits nervous mannerisms sometimes when he communicates, but Henry is unaware that he does these things. These things would fall under the _______ quadrant of Henry’s Johari window.
|secret or hidden|
1. Jose works hard for Kentaro in hopes that Kentaro will recommend him for a promotion. In this specific example which form of Kentaro’s power over Jose is most clearly demonstrated?
1. All of the following are types of relational dialectics except:
|all are types of relational dialectics|
1. Choosing to self-disclose something as a way to give off a certain idea about yourself on a first date is known as:
1. In the termination stage of a relationship, people may use:
|strategies of manipulation|
|strategies of avoidance|
|strategies of withdrawal |
|all of the above |
1. In Social Exchange Theory, Thibaut and Kelley suggest that people want relationships:
|that offer rewards without any costs|
|that offer high rewards and little costs|
|no matter the costs|
|that have an equal amount of cost and rewards|
1. Terrell’s parents wish him to be more open with them. So he chooses to disclose more about events at school, but not reveal any more information about his relationship with Sam. This is an example of:
|topical segmentation |
1. Self-disclosure is always a positive experience in interpersonal relationships.
1. When you ask for feedback,
|you are obligated to act on it|
|you should be sure you are ready for an honest response|
|making rational choices about changing your behavior becomes impossible|
|you can be sure that you will receive a compliment|
1. The need for ____________ reflects a desire to influence the events and people around us.
1. A main criticism of stage models of relationships such as Knapp’s is that they are not prescriptive and structured enough – that they don’t show what stage relational partners may experience next.
1. The idea that we want to bond with others, yet we also want to retain our independence in our lives illustrates which dialectical tension?
1. As the self-disclosure of one person increases, the self-disclosure of the other person usually:
|becomes more positive|
|becomes less personal|
1. Choosing to self-disclose something to provide a “release” (get it off your chest) is called:
1. When offering ____________, preface a negative statement with a positive one whenever possible.
|constructive criticism |
1. Javier knows that he has difficulty distinguishing colors. He does not disclose this information to his friends. This information falls into the __________ quadrant of his Johari window.
|secret or hidden|
1. When people see other choices available and they weigh their options to continue in a relationship, they are engaging in:
|comparison level of alternatives|
|interactive relationship development strategies|
|uncertainty reduction strategies|
|active relationship development strategies|
1. Which of the following represent ‘particularistic rewards’ in Social Exchange theory?
|love, time, information, services|
|time, love, status, money|
|information, goods, services|
|goods, services, status, time|
1. There are several alternatives to self-disclosure that we covered in class. Which of the following is not one of those alternatives?
1. All of the following are dimensions of intimacy that we discussed in class, except:
1. Which of the following are characteristics for effective self-disclosure?
|It occurs incrementally|
|It is affected by culture|
|It is usually symmetrical|
|All of the above |
1. According to interpersonal needs theory, people who have a high need to be around others are called:
1. Which of the following is a relationship stage that is characterized by personal rituals and a combined social identity including “we” and “us” language?
1. Owning feelings and taking responsibility for your choices involves:
|making “I” statements |
|taking the credit for what others have done|
|granting advantages to others|
|properly assessing strengths|
1. In Dialectics theory, internal dialectics refer to the tensions within the relationship while external dialectics refer to the tensions between the couple and others (in their social circles).
1. Developing friendships with your relational partner’s friends is one strategy used to ___________ a relationship.
1. In dialectical theory, selecting one side of a relational contradiction and ignoring the other side is called temporal selection.
1. There are no legitimate reasons for choosing privacy over self-disclosure in close relationships.
1. Which theorist(s) asserted that, “Whether a relationship is started, built, or maintained depends on how well each person meets the needs of the other”
|Knapp and Vangelisti|
|Thibaut and Kelly|
1. One of the most important elements of the beginnings of relationships is the need to reduce
|the open quadrant|
1. Len reports that the first contract for their company was signed on February 14, but Nora says it was signed on January 19. The conflict that ensues is a(n) _________________.
|ego conflict |
1. Which of the following is NOT an interpersonal need according to Schutz?
1. Which of the following is a relationship stage that sometimes occurs after bonding when partners express a need for increased privacy or autonomy?
1. In Knapp’s stage model of coming together and coming apart, which of the following is not a stage?
1. One underlying assumption of dialectics is that change is a constant in relationships.
1. Rewards are outcomes that are not valued by a person.
1. Dalia shared very personal information about herself with Ramy. Later in the day, Ramy’s friends asked him about Dalia and her secret. Ramy has ______________ power because of his knowledge of Dalia’s private information and his choice to share it or not.
1. Having regular “Monday night discussions” with your boyfriend/girlfriend (or your husband/wife) that are intended to help you understand one another better represent which main reason for self-disclosure?
1. The idea that interpersonal relationships involve shared scripts – phrases, idioms, personal references – refers to which key dimension of interpersonal relationships?
|communication language system|
|communication code change|
|intimate relationship communication|