Poetic essay (Dante Alighieri )

Poetry essay Guidelines (Dante Alighieri)

Directions: You have signed up for a specific poet that represents a time period and philosophy. Your job is to become an “expert” on the poet and his/her work, and the time period in which he\she wrote. Please keep in mind that your essay should demonstrate academic enrichment and approximately 10 pages

The final essay should cover the following areas:

(5%) State a claim!!!! This will be the “purpose” and guiding compass to your essay

(10%) Biographical information: Biographical information should be provided to establish a focal point of reference for the work as well as chorological influences on\by the poet.

(10%) Historical context: What was going on at that time that could have influenced or shaped the poet as an individual or as a poet?

(10%) Influences: What poets, movements, ideas, or events could have steered the direction of the poet?

(10%) Greatest Work: What is your poet known for? What does this particular work say about the poet?

(15%) Themes: Any particular themes your poet focuses one? These may include archetypes – or did your poet establish any trends?

(15%) Three poems: Analyze three poems for the class that you believe encapsulate your poet’s work and ideals.

(10%) Influenced: How is your poet transcending his/her time? Through influences one achieves permanence.

(10%) Criticism: What is the generalized critical perception/reception of your poet? How has it shifted or stayed over the years?

(5%) Sources: These should be regarded as credible sources. Some suggestions:

· http://www.wwnorton.com/college/english/nael/

· http://www.poetryfoundation.org/

· http://www.online-literature.com

· Individual poet website

Discuss How The Setting, Symbols, And Figurative Language Used In Volar And A Wall Of Fire Rising Contributed To How The Characters Were Shaped By Their Environment And/Or Scenes From The Stories.

  • Writing well-developed paragraphs relevant to the prompt(s) (minimum 300 words).
  • Be sure that your thesis is explicit and supported with one to two quotations from the literature.
  • Replying to two of your classmates with meaningful responses with a minimum of 30 words (do not simply write “I agree. I like what you’ve written.”)
  • Following the rules of Standard English (for example, no lowercase “i” for the pronoun I). Please proofread your writing before clicking the ‘submit’ button!
  • When you include a quotation from the literature in your mini-essay, please place an in-text citation (also called a parenthetical citation) immediately after you close the quotation marks and before you place a period at the end of your sentence. That way, anyone in the class (including me!) can easily find the quotation in the literature if necessary. If you’re not sure what to place inside the parentheses, there is instruction in the textbook in Chapter 31- Quotation, Citation, and Documentation. 
  • If you include in-text citations, there must be a Works Cited listing at the bottom of your post.
  • Be sure to follow the “Quote Sandwich.”

Literary Analysis


 1. The Oulipo section from the New Media Reader. If you’ve never heard of the Oulipo, you may want to read the Oulipo article on Wikipedia first to give you some context.


Post personal response around 500 words
Post your thoughts on this week’s readings. For example, you could write about time and media, things being “obsolete”, the way Borges writes stories, the effects of certain ways of structuring text, how it feels to read texts that are infinitely long and “impossible”, how the Oulipo relates to digitally mediated writing, etc.

Also: please write your posts/replies this week from inside the fictional universe of the Library.

What I mean is this: imagine that you live in the Library, this course is being taught in the Library, and you’re using a Library computer (what does that look like?) to make your posts. Perhaps this will affect your vocabulary or style of writing. Maybe leaving the Library is possible, and there’s a door that leads outside; maybe the entire universe is only the Library. Details are up to you.


  • Post comprehensively addresses the topic, adds value to discussion with stimulating posts
  • Posts in-depth, incisive reflections that demonstrate critical thinking; shares real-world experiences and examples
  • Well-written posts made within required timeframe; no grammar/spelling errors

Research Paper 4

1.0 Introduction

In this research, the author will focus on the realism of two well-known novels: Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness and Chinua Achebe’s Things Fall Apart. Both novels deal with colonialism and imperialism in one way or another. However, the views of colonialism in the two novels differ in a major way. In Heart of Darkness, Conrad shows colonialism as a violent force which destroyed a society of savages and barbarians and introduced ‘civilization’ to them. In contrast, in Things Fall Apart, Chinua Achebe shows colonialism as a violent force which destroyed a highly developed culture. While both novels show the savage nature of colonial empires, they present a different picture of the societies they invaded. My main aim is to compare both the novels and identify similarities and differences in the way they present colonialism in Africa.

1.1 Objectives

The major objectives of this research are:

1. To identify which author presents the most realistic view of Africa

2. To understand the impact of these novels on the African culture and society, especially their impact on women empowerment

3. To analyse the colonized’s and colonizer’s point of views

1.2 Research Questions

The major research questions which the author will focus on are:

1. What are the similarities and differences between the two novels?

2. How are women portrayed in both the novels?

3. How have their peers reviewed or critiqued these two novels?

1.3 Research Methodology

Many previous researchers have compared these two readings from either the colonizer’s point of view or the colonized’s point of view. I will synthesize the findings from these researchers and present my findings from both the viewpoints. Thus, it will be a qualitative research which will focus on review of existing findings.

1.4 Literature review

According to Irele, Things Falls Apart is the alpha of modern African literature. This was one of the first novels to showcase African society as a “coherent social structure” with “meanings and values”. Achebe showed the conflict between African values and the advent of Christianity in Nigeria. This novel influenced many African students of the time who started taking pride in their own culture (Gikandi). On the other hand, Heart of Darkness is a novel of the pitfalls and perils of greed, lust, and the corruption of ideals and values by the darkness that dwells within all of mankind. According to Brown, this novel takes on a ‘privileged and a pervasive’ role which reflects a ‘colonialist’ mindset. In fact, Achebe considers Heart of Darkness as a racist portrayal of African society which is filled with ignorance and willful lack of information.

1.5 Conclusion

After my analysis of findings, I will comment on who I found more realistic. This will be based on my review of existing researches on the two novels. I hope that my research will give my readers a better and unbiased understanding of the two novels, Things Fall Apartand Heart of Darkness, and they can make their own opinion based on my research.

References Achebe, Chinua. “An Image of Africa: Racism in Conrad’s Heart of Darkness.” The Massachusetts Review, Vol. 57, No. 1 (2016): 14-27. Journal. Brown, Tony C. “Cultural Psychosis on the Frontier: The work of the darkness in Joseph Conrad’s “Heart of Darkness”.” Studies in the Novel, Vol. 32, No. 1 (2000): 14-28. Journal. Gikandi, Simon. “Chinua Achebe and the Invention of African Culture.” Research in African Literatures, Vol. 32, No. 3 (2001): 3-8. Journal. Irele, F. Abiola. “The Crisis of Cultural Memory in Chinua Achebe’s Things Fall Apart.” African Studies Quarterly, Vol. 4, No. 3 (2000): 1-40. Journal.


Achebe, Chinua. Things Fall Apart. Portsmouth: African Writers Series, 2000.

Conrad, Joseph. “Heart of Darkness.” Heart of Darkness: an authoritative text, backgrounds and contexts, criticism. 4th edition. Ed. Paul B. Armstrong. New York: W.W Norton & Company, 2006. 3-77

Achebe, Chinua. “An Image of Africa: Racism in Conrad’s Heart of Darkness.” Heart of Darkness: an authoritative text, backgrounds and contexts, criticism. 4th edition. Ed. Paul B. Armstrong. New York: W.W Norton & Company, 2006. 336-349

Ahluwalia, D. P. S.(CB). Politics and Post-colonial Theory: African Inflections. Florence: Routledge, 2000. (Used through Ebrary)

Assensoh, A.B and Alex-Assensoh, Yvette. African Military History and Politics. New York: Palgrave, 2001.

Brantlinger, Patrick. “Imperialism, Impressionism, and the Politics of Style.” Heart of Darkness: an authoritative text, backgrounds and contexts, criticism. 4th edition. Ed. Paul B. Armstrong. New York: W.W Norton & Company, 2006. 386-395.

Bush, Barbara. Imperialism, Race, and Resistance : Africa and Britain, 1919-1945. Florence: Routledge, 1999. (Used through Ebrary)

Cooper, Frederick. Africa Since 1940 – The Past of the Present. 7th edition. New York: Cambridge UP, 2006.

Hawkins, Hunt. ”Heart of Darkness and Racism.” Heart of Darkness: an authoritative text, backgrounds and contexts, criticism. 4th edition. Ed. Paul B. Armstrong. New York: W.W Norton & Company, 2006. 365-375.

Kortenaar Neil ten. “How the Center Is Made to Hold in Things Fall Apart.” Things Fall Apart: A casebook. Ed. Isidore Okpewho. New York: Oxford UP, 2003. 123-146.

Lerner, Laurence. “The Frontiers of Literature.” Literature in the Modern World: Critical Essays and Documents. 2nd Revised edition. Ed. Dennis Walder. New York: Oxford UP, 2004. 436-443.

Nochlin, Linda. Realism. London: Penguin Books, 1990.

Okpewho, Isidore. Things Fall Apart: A casebook. New York: Oxford UP, 2003.

Quayson, Ato. “Realism, Criticism and the Disguises of both.” Things Fall Apart: A casebook. Ed. Isidore Okpewho. New York: Oxford UP, 2003. 221-248.