Discussion 1: IntroductionSummary

Before we start the Western Civilization 1 course, it might be a good idea to take a few minutes to consider a few basic questions. Most likely, you already have a lot of knowledge and opinions about Western Civilization, so our introductory assignment simply asks you to reflect upon what you already know. Don’t worry too much about details since we’ll be discussing a lot of them during this course.

Please provide your response to the following discussion questions in 250-500 words. Then, save the file as either .doc or .docx format, and upload the document into the Upload Area for Discussion 1. Please use double-spacing, and include a standard header with your Name, Course, Assignment, and Date.

  • To begin with, how and when did Western Civilization first develop?
  • How is Western civilization similar to and/or different from the much older Eastern and African civilizations?
  • In what ways did ancient civilizations in Mesopotamia, Greece, Rome, the Middle East and India influence the course of Western Civilization?
  • How were city-states and nations governed in ancient and medieval times?
  • What role did religion play in the development of Western Civilization?
  • How did the use of technology expand Europe’s global range of influence

History Of Western Art: Renaissance To Contemporary

  • Museum web:
  • Completion of artwork analysis on your choice of a compelling artwork viewed in- person at a local museum. Minimum 4 full pages (no more than 5 full pages), typed, double-spaced, MLA format.
  • Include image of selected work (does not apply towards page count) Additionally, the bibliography does not apply towards page count.
  • Artwork must have been seen in person at a local museum. **Please see the list of museums on Canvas for more information** The selected artwork must reference the scope of the class: Western art (Europe / America) from the Renaissance (15th century) to the Contemporary (present). If traveling and planning on going to a museum outside of the Bay Area please contact me for approval.
  • Must submit one of the following forms of verification: Image of ticket stub/ receipt/ sticker/ or ‘selfie’ with artwork with the analysis. No other forms of verification will be accepted. Must submit verification for analysis to be graded. If it is a free day, save the sticker you receive and place it on a piece of paper with your name and take a photo of it. Essay will receive zero points without verification of a museum visit.
  1. The Assignment:
    The artwork analysis should largely be crafted through an analysis of the formal qualities (light, space, color and the relationships among them, etc.) of the artwork selected (primary source). Must integrate the vocabulary of formal analysis within the analysis.
    Touch on the following topics:
    • Introduce the artwork, the artist (only briefly introduce the artist. I am not looking for a
      paper written about the life of an artist), and location of artwork; consider the time it was made, societal conditions of the time in which the artist was working or the artwork was made, and any historical significance of the artwork. Consider the reasons why this artwork is compelling.
    • Interpret the work. What is it about? What is the meaning? Think about perspectives that are social, cultural, political, economic, or aesthetic. Get societal / historical information from the textbook and/or another source. Remember that only 1-3 scholarly secondary sources (books, periodicals) are permitted (books, periodicals).
    • Evaluate the artwork through extensive formal visual description (color, light, organization of forms, line, etc.) of the art object. Include description of appearance, subject matter (example: politics, religion, etc.) the medium the artist chose (oil paint, bronze sculpture, etc.) and significance to the work, scale (size), and briefly comment on what is satisfying and/or not satisfying about the work. (No statements such as: “I think”, “I feel,” etc.) **Please see the resource “How To Write About Artwork” for more information**

Art 3 Online – Art Analysis Instructions



Source material:

  • Ground observations in 1-3 secondary sources (books, periodicals).
  • Course textbook or book(s) from library.
  • If using Internet source material, only use museum websites, websites created by the
    artist or foundation, scholarly art magazines (For example: Art in America, Art Forum), reputable newspapers (for example: NY Times, Los Angles Times), or a gallery that represents the artist. No Wikipedia, dubious online sites, blogs, or peer-reviewed papers.
  • No large quotes (over 4 lines) from source material.
  • All source material must be acknowledged with an in-text citation within the body
    of the essay and included on a works cited page!
  • Please remember that biographical information and wall text from a museum
    used in the essay must also be cited to demonstrate the sources you have consulted. Please see the link on our Canvas page for MLA in-text citation assistance. See me during office hours for additional assistance.
  • No plagiarism. Essays submitted with any amount of plagiarized material will receive zero points. Please see course policy on “Academic Dishonesty”

Presentation of written material:
Please follow MLA guidelines. Art analysis must be in essay format, have an introduction with a thesis statement stating the purpose of your paper, development explaining the thesis of your essay, and a conclusion that serves as summary of your findings.
Format: The computerized typing must be the following: accepted fonts Times New Roman, Helvetica, Cambria, Calibri; 12 points in character; standard margins of 1” top and bottom and 1” left and right. Papers written in any other format are not acceptable. The written assignment will be graded on form as well as content so please be mindful of spelling, punctuation, and grammar.
Please note: Points are deducted for written material that does not meet the requirements as stated above, and for essays that are shorter than the required length.

Between 1815 And 1860, There Were Many Events/Factors That Served To Either Pull The Country Together Or Push It Apart.


PROMPT: Between 1815 and 1860, there were many events/factors that served to either pull the country together or push it apart. In this essay, analyze these push-pull factors.

You must also use at least four primary documents (either posted in blackboard or in American Yawp) as evidence.

Essay Checklist

Be sure to:

  • Have a strong rule of three thesis statement
  • Use “Rule of Three” style
  • Use a minimum of 4 primary source documents as evidence from chapter 10-11-12-13-14
  • Have evidence/analysis from across the 1815-1860 time period
  • Discuss both uniting and dividing factors
  • Properly cite using footnotes in Turabian/Chicago style
  • Write 3-4 pages


Modern Europe Fall 2018 – Final Exam Professor J. Lewis, Instructor

Instructions:  This exam is due no later than Wednesday, December 19 between 3-4pm in my office

in NAC 5/132. No paper will be accepted after that time and date. Emailed papers are not acceptable. Those who so wish may deliver it before that date in my mailbox at the History Department in NAC 5/144. Please note that the office closes at 4pm.

 Responses should be typed and double-spaced with one inch margins on each side, consisting of short-answers that address the questions or terms thoroughly.

 Given that this is a take-home exam with ample time to complete, students are expected to produce thorough, well-written responses.

Section I – Briefly identify in two or three sentences five of the individuals or terms below from chapters 10 and 14 of Edward Berenson’s Europe in the Modern World, Volume II. (2 points each)

Bloody Sunday of 1905 The Socialist Reolutionaries Alexander Kerensky The Kornilov Affair Treaty of Brest-Litovsk of 1918 The Cheka The New Economic Policy The Great Purge Solidarity Trade Union Movement Perestroika The Velvet Revolution Boris Yelsin Commonwealth of Independent States

Section II – Answer each of the five questions below in a brief paragraph of five of six sentences based on Joseph Stalin’s Speech on The Tasks of Business Executives of 1931 found at (Questions 1-4 are 5 points each; question 5 is worth 10 points and should be more thoughtful and thorough)

1. What according to Stalin were the reasons why Soviet industry grew “only” 25% in 1930 rather than the 31-32% that his economic plan expected for in that year?

2. Stalin made the claim that the Soviet economy did not suffer from the problems of capitalism. What reasons does he given in support of this claim?

3. Stalin claimed that the “objective conditions” for rapid growth existed in the Soviet Union but what reasons did he give for why the growth targets of his economic plan were not being fully realized?

4.Identify some of the requirements and skills that Stalin claims managers must master to fully implement the expected targets for economic growth?

5. Stalin claimed in this speech that “we are 50 to 100 years behind the advanced countries. We must make good this distance in 10 years or we will go under,” and that “those who fall behind get beaten.” Is there any truth for this claim or was it in your view merely Stalin’s way of justifying the ruthlessness by which he imposed a policy of rapid industrialization on the Soviet Union? (10pt. question)

Section III – Answer each of the questions below in five of six sentences based on Parts I, II and III of Stalin’s Results of the First Five Year Plan of 1933 found at (5 points each)

6. Stalin pointed out in his 1933 speech on The Results of the First Five-Year Plan that the Western media were at first deeply hostile to Soviet economic policy. How did this media respond to the results of that policy by 1933?

7. Identify some to the goals of the Five Year Plan as described by Stalin in Part II of his 1933 speech on the subject.

8. Stalin identified what he considered the key goals of agricultural policy and of military policy. What were they?

9. What was the role of heavy industry (steel, mining, etc.) in Stalin’s over-all plan for Soviet industrialization?

10. What does Stalin claim were the successes in promoting new industries of the Five Year Plan by 1933 and how does he say this compared with other countries by that year?

11. In Part III of this speech Stalin acknowledges that the Soviet Union was not producing sufficient consumer goods (clothes, shoes, etc.) for its people. How does he justify this failure?

12. Identify some to the goals Stalin set out for the Second Five Year Plan that was about to be launched after 1933.

Section IV – Answer both of the questions below in five or six sentences based on Nikita Khrushchev speech of 1956 outlining Stalin’s abuse of power and repression found at (5 points each)

13. In 1956 the new Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev claimed that Stalin’s concentration of power in his own hands and the “cult of the individual” that was created to justify his power violated the norms of Communist leadership. How did he attempt to prove such a claim?

14. Khrushchev also pointed out that Stalin accused many people of being so-called “enemies of the

people.” What according to Khrushchev were the consequences of this labeling of individuals?

Section V – Answer both of the questions below based on Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev’s 2009 interview about the end of European Communism found at (5 points each)

15. Many people have argued that the collapse of European Communism in the late 1980s-early 1990s was brought about by outside pressure such as U.S. pressure during the cold war, religious opposition mobilized by the election of John Paul II as the first Catholic Pope from a Communist country in 1978, or the military and financial costs to the Soviet Union during its intervention in the Afghanistan civil war of the 1980s? What is Gorbachev’s response to these claims that external rather than internal issues led to the fall of European Communism?

16. Gorbachev is extremely critical of Boris Yeltsin, his successor as President of Russia after the end of the Communist Regime. Why is he so hostile to his successor?

Note: the total point value of this exam is 95 points. Five points will be given free for a total of 100 points.