Research Paper Instructions
The goal of this project is to evaluate a current environmental health issue, discuss the control and/or mitigation measures currently employed, and recommend methods to improve public health policy or practice for that issue. This required research paper project is a 15-page (approximately 4,500 words) document that must be double-spaced. Each student must choose a different topic. Therefore, before you submit your topic, look over your classmates’ subrmissions to be sure it has not been selected. It is first-come, first-served on topic selection.
Your paper must be well documented using current AMA format. You are required to use at least 10 professional, peer-reviewed, scholarly sourcesin the reference page of your paper. Avoid using newspapers, lay magazines, and fact sheets. Articles from non-professional sources will not earn credit. A Medline search is a great way to locate acceptable information. The American Journal of Public Health, New England Journal of Medicine, The American Journal of Preventive Medicine, and similar publications are excellent sources. Start early to allow adequate time to find appropriate materials. You must support your opinions with data from the scientific literature. Plagiarism will not be tolerated and will result in automatic failure of the course.
The paper must include the following:
1. Title page with title of paper, your name/ID, date, and course/section (HLTH 505.xx). This page does not count toward the 15-page length requirement.
2. Abstract – Provide a short summary of the content of the paper (less than 100 words).
3. Introduction – Describe the nature and scope of problem/issue.
4. Background – Include a review of past policies and practices, both successful and unsuccessful.
5. Current research efforts – Discuss what potential future develoments are being researched. Remember that the project is to be about a current issue using recent research. If nothing has been published in recent years, it may not be as relevant as it may appear on the surface.
6. Discussions – This is the heart of the paper. Thoroughly evaluate the material you have researched. Discuss the pros and cons of various approaches. Analyze the available statistical measures provided by the researchers. Reveal the shortcomings and highlight the merits of the literature.
7. Recommendations – This is where your opinions are given. Opinions must be guided by logic and an understanding of the science gained from your research, be void of emotional language, and be in agreement with biblical truth. A scientifically valid opinion must not violate Scripture or biblical morality.
8. References – Full bibliography of sources used. This page does not count toward the 15-page length requirement.
The reference page must have a numbered list of sources according to the order of the first citation in the paper. That assigned number is then used as a superscript to cite the source in the body of the paper. The general format to list a journal and a book respectively in a references section would be as follows:
1. Arya SC, Agarwal N. Yellow Fever Vaccination Centers: Concurrent Vaccinations and Updates on Mosquito Biology. Travel Medicine and Infectious Diseases. 2012; 10: 257-258.
2. Dasgupta A. Prescription or poison: the benefits and dangers of herbal remedies. Alameda, CA: Hunter House Inc; 2010.
Your paper will consist of 3 parts: the topic submission, a working bibliography of at least 10 sources, and the final paper.
Submit your topic by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Sunday of Module/Week 2.
Submit your working bibliography by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Sunday of Module/Week 4.
Submit your final paper by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Friday of Module/Week 8 via Safe Assign.
Page 2 of 2
T. Wilkerson HLTH 505
Wk 4 Assignment
1. Mukherjee, P.K., Bahadur, S., Harwansh, R.K. et al. Paradigm shift in natural product research: traditional medicine inspired approaches. Phytochem Rev (2017) 16: 803. https://doi-org.ezproxy.liberty.edu/10.1007/s11101-016-9489-6. Accessed on 18 Nov 2018.
2. Ben-Arye, E., Mahajna, J., Aly, R. et al. Exploring an herbal “wonder cure” for cancer: a multidisciplinary approach. J Cancer Res Clin Oncol (2016) 142: 1499. https://doi-org.ezproxy.liberty.edu/10.1007/s00432-016-2175-7
3. Firkins, R., Eisfeld, H., Keinki, C. et al. The use of complementary and alternative medicine by patients in routine care and the risk of interactions. J Cancer Res Clin Oncol (2018) 144: 551.
4. Malone M, Tsai, G. The evidence for herbal and botanical remedies, Part 1. J Family Practice. (2018); 67(1)10-16.
5. Ceuterick, M Vandebroek, I. Identity in medicine cabinet: Discursive positions of Andean migrants towards their use of herbal remedies in the United Kingdom. J Social Science & Medicine. (2017); 43-51.
6. Alraek, T., Boon, H., Fonnebo, V. et al. Reducing the risk of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM): Challenges and priorities. European Journal of Integrative Medicine 6 (2014); 404-408.
7. Riberio, RJ, Silestre, C. Hidden Risks of Alternative Medicines: A Case of Boldo-Induced Hepatotoxicity. J of Dietary Supplements. (2017); 14(2):186-189.
8. Eddouks, M., Onakpoya, IJ., Posadzki, P., & Zhang, J. The Safety of Herbal Medicine: From Prejudice to Evidence. Evidence-Based Complimentary and Alternative Medicine (2015) p1-3. Retrieved from http:dx.doi.org/10.1155.2015/316706. Accessed on 18 Nov 2018 .
9. Grollman, AP, Marcus, DM. Global hazards of herbal remedies: lessons from Aristolochia. Science & Society. (2016). Access on 18 Nov 2018.
10. Bonkovsky, HL., Navarro, VJ., et. al. Herbal Products and the Liver: A Review of Adverse Effects and Mechanisms. Gastroenterology (2015); 148(3)517-532.
11. Ekar, T, Kreft, S. Common risks of adulterated and mislabeled herbal preparations. ScienceDirect. Food and Chemical Toxicology (2018); 268-297.